Wednesday, October 26, 2011

BHARTRINATH (VICHARNATH)

































































ADESH ADESH

Raja Bharthari is the direct disciple of Guru Gorakhnath.

Immortal Yogis: King Bhartrihari (Bharthari)


Out of twelve sub-sects of the Natha Sampradya, one is associated with the name of Bhartri, known as Bhartṛhari Bāirāg.It is said, traces its original from Raja of Ujjain Bhartrihari by name, who was historical personality and was disciple of Guru Goraksh nath. He was a king who abandoned his throne to became a wondering yogi. He was highly educated person of his time, and known also as author at least of tree books: first called Vairāgya śataka, or hundred verses on renunciation; second is Śṛngāra śataka or hundred verses on beauty of love; and third is Nīti śataka or hundred verses on art of politics. All three of them counted as classics of Indian literature. There exist three different stories about how and why he renounced his throne and became wondering yogi under influence of Guru Goraksh Nath (in one legend without it). He is known also as one of Nath siddhas, under name Siddh Vichar nath.

Goraksh Nath was performing his sadhana on the top of Toraṇmal mountain. At the same time Raja Bartrihari went in the same area of jungle for hunting. There he has killed male deer near the place where the yogi was sitting, and Goraksh Nath saw happened. The male deer killed by the king was accompanied by the female deer, and when Raja wanted to carry off his hunt and tight it to his horse, she was sorrowfully watching this from some distance.
The yogi rebuked Raja for done by him and told him that he has no right to kill the deer because he was unable to make him alive. On listening this, annoyed raja has stared argumentation with the yogi, and as its conclusion Goraksh Nath has made the deer alive again, and he run away to the jungle.
Raja Bhartrihari has became impressed by such development of events, and expressed his desire to renounce the world, and asked the yogi to make him his disciple. Goraks Nath has answered that before it he should go to the palace and ask from his wife permission to do it. On this both separated and went to their places, Goraksh Nath returned to the top of mountain and Raja Bhartrihari went to his capital

One more variation of the same events

Raja Bhartari was the son of Raja Bhoj, king of Dharanagar. He had 71 ranis, of whom one, by name Pingla, was a disciple of Gorakh (47) who gave her a flower saying it would remain ever fresh as long as her husband was alive. One day to test Pingla’s love Bhartari went a-hunting and sent back his blood-stained clothes and horse with the news that he had been killed, but the rani, seeing the flower still fresh knew that the Raja only doubted her love for him and in grief at his mistrust killed herself. When she was carried out to the burning-ground the Raja evinced great grief and Gorakh appeared. Breaking his chipi (48), the saint walked round it, weeping and Bhartari asked him why he grieved. Gorakh answered that he could get the Raja a thousand queens, but never a vessel like the one he had just broken, and he showed him a hundred ranis as fair as Pingla, but each of them said: ‘Hold aloof! Art thou mad? No one knows how often we have been thy mothers or sisters or wives.’ Hearing these words Bhartari’s grief was moderated and he made Gorakh his guru, but did not abandon his kingdom. Still when he returned to his kingdom the loss of Pingla troubled him and his other queens bade him seek distraction in hunting. In great pomp he marched forth, and the dust darkened the sun. On the banks of the Samru he saw a herd of deer, 70 hinds with a single stag. He failed to kill the stag, and one of the hinds besought him to kill one of them instead, since the stag was as dear to them as he was to his queens, but the Raja said he, a Kshatriya, could not kill a hind. So the hind who had spoken bade the stag meet the Raja’s arrow, and as he fell he said: ‘Give my feet to the thief that he may escape with his life; my horns to a Jogi that he may use them as his nad; my skin to an ascetic that he may worship on it; my eyes to a fair woman that she may be called mirga-naini, (49); and eat my flesh thyself.’ And to this day these things are used as the dying stag desired.

Raja Bhartrihari

The name of Raja Bhartrihari (or Bhartri) is widely known in India, as the name of the king who has renounced his throne, to become an ascetic. The dramatic story of his renunciation traditionally was one of the favorite themes of the ballads sung by the wondering minstrels and performed by the folk theaters all over India.
Prior to his renunciation, he was the king of the Malva Kingdom with its capital in Avantikā (modern Ujjain). He had younger brother Vikramaditya (Chandragupta second), who uled after he renounced his trone since 1076 till 1126? However, there were two kings known as Vikramāditya in the Indian history, which were separated from each other by the period of one thousand years, one was legendary king Vikramāditya, by whom the Vikram Samwat (the calendar established from the time of his reign) was stared, and other known as Chandragupta second.
In accordance with some legends circulating amongst Nathas, Raja Bhartrihari was also the brother of the queen Menaavanti, who was the mother of another legendary personage of the Natha tradition Raja Gopichand. It is said that Raja Bhartrihari had many wifes, but his most favorite and famous wife was Rani (queen) Pingala.
The king was excessively educated person who wrote few books in Sanskrit, which counted as the master pieces of the Indian literature. The three most famous of them called , Nīti śataka and Shringara śataka and when united into one volume called some researches believing that the work on grammar Vākyapadīya is one more of his books. There are also few compositions in old Indian dialects, which are ascribed to his authorship.

ADESH ADESH

1- BHARTRIHARINATH GUFA- UJAIN -MADHYAM PRADESH- INDIA

2- BHARTRIHARINATH - RATADUNDA -RAJASTHAN-INDIA

3- BHARTRINATH DHAAM - ALWAR -RAJASTHAN-INDIA

WEB LINKS

Bhartrihari ka niti-shatak -book

Bhartrihari Ka Shringhar-Shatak-book

Bhartrihari ka vairagya-shatak-booK

GORAKHNATH NAD BHARTRIHARINATH -BOOK

Mandir Shri Bhartrihari Dhaam-Alwar.Rajasthan

BHARTHHARINATH GUFA-UJJAIN(M.P.)PHOTO

BHARTHAINATH GUFA -UJJAIN (M.P)


























image

Family relationships in the tales of King Gopi Chand and King Bharthari.


3 comments: